Diseases and their treatment

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A stroke is the disruption of oxygenated blood to the brain. There are two main types of stroke, ischaemic and haemorrhagic, while there is a third more minor stroke called transient ischaemic attack (TIA). An ischaemic stroke can be caused by a blood clot that formed in the heart and travelled to the brain or by atherothrombosis. Haemorrhagic strokes, conversely are caused by a rupture in the blood vessels that causes bleeding within the brain. A TIA is a blood clot that temporarily interrupts blood flow in the brain and is a major risk factor for future strokes that could cause more serious damage.
Once a stroke has been diagnosed, treatment can begin immediately. Ischaemic strokes can be treated using injections of a medication called alteplase that dissolves the clot and restores blood to the brain and is known as thrombolysis.

A small proportion of severe ischaemic strokes (i.e. ones in the large arteries of the brain) can be treated by an emergency procedure known as thrombectomy that is used to remove the clot and restore blood flow. It is performed by inserting a catheter into an artery, usually the groin, containing a device that is then passed through the catheter to remove the clot.

Anticoagulant Medications 2‒4
Anticoagulants are types of drugs that manipulate the blood coagulation process (the so-called plasmatic coagulation). They inhibit thrombus formation, meaning that they prevent blood clots from forming too easily. Anticoagulants generally include novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs),
What are anticoagulants?
Anticoagulants may play an important role in prophylaxis of embolic strokes that are related to AF….GET MORE INFORMATION ABOUT DISEASES AND THEIR TREATMENT FROM ME


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